In the late 1800s and early 1900s, short-tailed albatrosses were hunted for their feathers. The down was used for quilts and pillows. The wing and tail feathers were used for quill pens. The remaining parts were used for fertilizer or fat. The eggs were also taken for food. It is estimated that over 5 million short-tailed albatrosses were clubbed during this time, driving the population to near extinction.
The bones of short-tailed albatross have been discovered in Aleut middens on the Aleutian Islands, indicating that Natives utilized this species as a food source.